Ra Can Row
Hugo Race & True Spirit
Para Olvidarte de Mi (2009, 44.07) *½/0
|Camino al Sol
Para Olvidarte de Mí
¿Quién te Crees?
Esté Donde Esté
Más Tuya Que Mía
Hace un Instante
Yo Vivo por ti
Puedes Ver Pero No Tocar
What to say about RBD? A short-lived but immensely successful Latin American three boy/three girl sextet with some kind of major connection to Mexican soap Rebelde. Although they officially split in 2008, their last album, Para Olvidarte de Mi ('To Forget About Me') appeared the following year. It's... exceptionally mainstream modern Latin pop, which really is all I need to tell you about this tedious record.
Armando Avila is credited with Mellotron, but where there might be one, real or sampled, hidden away in the brash, radio-friendly mix, really is anyone's guess; without track-by-track credits, I've no idea. Anyway, you don't want to hear this, I don't want to hear this again, no obvious Mellotron, end of story.
Green (1988, 41.02) ***½/T
|Pop Song 89
You Are the Everything
World Leader Pretend
The Wrong Child
Turn You Inside-Out
I Remember California
Monster (1994, 49.16) ***/T
|What's the Frequency, Kenneth?
Crush With Eyeliner
King of Comedy
I Don't Sleep, I Dream
Bang and Blame
|I Took Your Name
Let Me in
New Adventures in Hi-Fi (1996, 65.22) ***/T
|How the West Was Won and Where it Got Us
The Wake-Up Bomb
New Test Leper
E-Bow the Letter
Binky the Doormat
So Fast, So Numb
Up (1998, 64.32) ***/T
At My Most Beautiful
You're in the Air
Why Not Smile
Diminished/I'm Not Over You
Falls to Climb
|Download (2010) ***/T
Christmas (Baby Please Come Home)
REM are one of those bands whose career can be quite neatly split into two (see; Roxy Music, Genesis); up to Green and after. I've known several people who have made the break at the same point, so I'm quite willing to bow to their superior knowledge. Green, despite its more commercial leanings, is a reasonably good 'college rock' album, still featuring Peter Buck's jangly guitar work, and with material of the quality of Orange Crush and World Leader Pretend, it could have heralded a more successful era for the band without any major loss of quality, but sadly, it wasn't to be. Someone (Mike Mills?) plays Mellotron on The Wrong Child and I Remember California, but as with most of their future 'Tron work, all you can hear on both tracks is a rather feeble string line that adds little to the proceedings.
As for their career from there on, you either like them or you don't, and I don't. From 1991's Out of Time on, REM have taken the safe road of mainstream acceptability, with some truly awful singles. Man On The Moon, anyone? Everybody Hurts? Gack. None of these three contains anything quite that bad, but don't expect anything exactly avant-garde...
Monster only has one relevant track, the single Strange Currencies, with a high, quavery string line in the chorus. It's not even one of the most appealing songs on the album, to be honest, and the 'Tron sounds ill; a long way from the lush, deeper sound that it does best. New Adventures in Hi-Fi is more of the same, to my ears; commercialised college rock with a triple emotion bypass, while pretending to be deep and meaningful. The soul left this band a long time ago... Mind you, a few tracks, including The Wake-Up Bomb and Departure inject a little guts into the album, but sadly, the effect doesn't last. For some odd reason, REM seemed to have elected to release most of their Mellotron tracks as singles, so both E-Bow The Letter and Bittersweet Me were hits, in the UK at least. E-Bow (so how come they named the track after the 'infinite sustain' device used on the guitar part?) has some more high-pitched, 'stabby' strings, and Bittersweet Me has the tiniest bit of flutes.
Up is a slightly better album, to my ears, though I'm hard-pushed to say exactly why; maybe the songs are a little less anodyne and radio-friendly. Not sure. Anyway, At My Most Beautiful has a slight Beach Boys feel, which is never a bad thing, Parakeet is a genuinely good song, and overall the band sound slightly less, well, smug, maybe. The only obvious difference is this was the first REM album after the shock departure of drummer Bill Berry, and it may have been the period where vocalist Michael Stipe came out officially, so maybe they reassessed themselves a little in the interim. Who knows, maybe they realised how far they'd fallen artistically. Anyway, You're In The Air has a little 'Tron flute, mainly on the chorus, along with the real string section used on a few tracks, and the single (again), Daysleeper has a nice little flute run right at the end, but it's hard to tell whether it's anywhere else in the song.
Now, I remember catching a 'Top of the Pops' appearance by the band around this time, with guitarist Peter Buck 'playing' a Mellotron string line in the chorus on a generic synth, complete with pitchbend, but I can't hear it on Up, so maybe they released a non-album single? I'll report back if I find out any more. So; if you like later REM, you've probably got these anyway; they're hardly obscure now, are they? For the rest of you, don't go out of your way; the songs aren't exactly essential and the 'Tron use is fairly minimal.
Incidentally, after a twelve-year (count 'em) break, REM dug out their old M400 again for their Christmas 2010 download-only take on Darlene Love's Christmas (Baby Please Come Home), sung by Mills, Bill Berry back on the drum stool, the ensemble fleshed out by Minus 5's Scott McCaughey, who plays the Mellotron strings solo. The virtual B-side, IHT>U>EDIYTW (Dubmix), is apparently an instrumental mix of three tracks from their forthcoming album. But will there be any Mellotron on it? Eh?
See: Surprise Your Pig: A Tribute to R.E.M.
Ra Can Row (1982, 44.29) ***/½Things Beyond Our Control (With New Intro)
Fritz & Beano
RTZ (Return to Zero)
Sometimes I Get Lonely
To my (limited) knowledge, Ra Can Row were a one-off early '80s US psych outfit, whose sole, eponymous album consists principally of four lengthy tracks of jammed-out guitar weirdness. Tunes? Don't be silly, this is psychedelia, man! It's actually not bad at what it does, which is an updated-to-their-era version of that US late '60s jamming style, for better or worse.
Paul Haneberg's Mellotron makes its only appearance around eight minutes into opener Things Beyond Our Control, with some drifting string chords that are good to hear, but don't enhance the weirdness that much, to be honest. I'm sure Ra Can Row was hideously limited even on its original release, so I wish you luck in finding a vinyl copy now. Luckily, it can also be found on download blogs, at least as of the time of writing, should you feel the need to hear it.
Broken Arrows (1973, 28.31) ***/T
|I Love Life and Peace
I Don't Mind
Blues My Guitar
Music is the Answer
Salt Annie Ginger Tree
|You're There Somewhere
Boll Weevil Blues
American ex-pat John "Rabbit" Bundrick is best-known as Sideman To The Stars, having played with Free and their offshoots, Bob Marley, Sandy Denny, Duncan Browne and a cast of thousands, not to mention membership of The Who for almost thirty years at the time of writing, and has played on well over a hundred albums in his 35-year career. However, as he tacitly admits on his website, he's spent so much time playing with other people that his own work is largely unknown to the general public, despite his having released several solo albums over the years.
The first of these was 1973's Broken Arrows (a nod to Buffalo Springfield there?), a surprisingly short album featuring loads of Island label luminaries, not least Simon Kirke and Tetsu Yamauchi from Free, Rebop and Jim Capaldi from Traffic and Snuffy Walden from the underrated Stray Dog. To be perfectly honest, it's not the sort of album that's going to make your heart sing unless you're an aficionado of early-'70s soul/blues/etc.-influenced 'middle ground' rock, or a monster fan of Traffic, as it has quite a bit in common with their rather British laid-back take on various American styles, which is ironic, considering Rabbit's nationality. It has its moments, not least Walden's guitar work on a couple of tracks, but I'm afraid it's all a bit unexciting, 35 years on.
Rabbit added Mellotron to several other artists' albums in the 1971-3 period, not least Donovan's Cosmic Wheels, no it's no great surprise to hear a little on his own album. Ergot features some slightly MOR-ish strings work, morphing into a rather Moodies-esque feel towards the end of the track, with possible choir swells, although they're more likely to be real voices. Anyway, this is finally available on CD, as a 2-no-1 with his follow-up, '74's Dark Saloon, should you wish to hear it. Somebody informed me that there's more 'Tron tracks on the CD, but unless there's a version of the album with bonus tracks, this seems unlikely, unless he added some to its successor.
Taoist Priests (2006, 61.51) ***/½
Ready to Go
I Know You
On the Bright Side
Into the Void
|Don't Mess Around
Ex-Bad Seed singer/musician/producer Hugo Race is an ex-pat Aussie living in Europe who has recorded a slew of albums with his True Spirit. I get the impression 2006's Taoist Priests is fairly typical, featuring Race's hoarse talking blues over what has been described as 'industrial-trance-blues'. Picking standout tracks isn't easy; like many others, the album works best as a whole, specific highlights being thin on the ground.
Race is credited with (real?) Mellotron on two tracks, but with nothing particularly obvious on the sort-of title track, Taoist Priest, the only even remotely audible work is the distant, background strings on Into The Void. This is good at what it does and may well deserve better than the paltry three stars I've awarded, but be warned: it's not an album for everyone, particularly Mellotron fans.
Liverpool Rain (2011, 39.28) **½/T½
Took a Hit
Little Down on the Upside
Don't Hold Me Down
|No Story to Tell
Don't Give Up the Fight
Better Be Kind
Acoustic-based Dutch pop/rock outfit Racoon are probably best described as (in Douglas Adams' immortal words) 'mostly harmless'; their fifth studio album, 2011's Liverpool Rain, wanders along in a singer-songwritery vein, almost offensive in its bland inoffensiveness. Shockingly, this actually makes Coldplay sound dynamic. Highlights? Not really, no, although closer Better Be Kind seems to do more with its source material than anything else here, particularly with regard to British veteran Andrew Powell's inventive string arrangement.
Wouter van Belle adds keyboards to most of the album, with what might just be real Mellotron flutes on the last three tracks, No Story To Tell, Don't Give Up The Fight and Better Be Kind, with brief yet intelligently-arranged parts on all three. No, you don't need to hear this, but at least the Mellotron's used well.
We Hope You Win (2006, 54.31) *½/T
Kid With a Knife
Sound of Splitting Atoms
We Hope You Win
Way You Make Me Feel
Got You Where I Want You
If I Had Known
Everybody Are You With Me
Radiant apparently openly admit to forming as a result of their obsession with Radiohead's medium-spiffing OK Computer, which is probably more honest than wise, frankly. The end result, at least on 2006's We Hope You Win, is an especially horrible form of 'transcendent pop' of exactly the kind that I all too-frequently implore you to run away from. Now.
Paul Williams plays Mellotron, with a major string part on the U2-esque Kid With A Knife that sounds like it might just be an actual machine, although the strings on several other tracks sound either like they're either generic samples or real. This is not only utterly excruciating, it's utterly excruciating and nearly an hour long. Pain, pain, pain.
Simple Times (2008, 33.54) *½/½
|One of Those Days
I'd Rather Be With You
Friend Like You
Brand New Day
They Bring Me to You
Free of Me
|You Got Growin' Up to Do
We Are Okay
No Envy, No Fear
Joshua Radin is frequently categorised as 'folk', making me wonder what poor old folk did to be saddled with this. I (thankfully) haven't heard his first album, but 2008's Simple Times is the proverbial crock of shit; utterly insipid, go-nowhere songs sung in Radin's infuriatingly 'breathy' voice, leading to his own description of his music as 'whisper rock'. Make it a little quieter please, Josh. No, quieter still. And a bit more... Great. Can't hear you at all now. That way I don't have to listen to your appalling lyrics. Representative sample: "She drives a vegetable car, diesel, Mercedes, green, two-door..." Thanks for that environmentalist insight, dude.
Jason Borger plays Mellotron on Free Of Me (I wish), with strings and cello parts, although the cellos on the rest of the album are real. This really is a vile record; as limp as you can imagine - possibly limper - with no obvious saving graces, including its one 'yeah, whatever' 'Tron track.
Radio Massacre International (UK) see:
Street Spirit (Fade Out) EP (1996, 14.44) ***½/TStreet Spirit (Fade Out)
Talk Show Host
OK Computer (1997, 53.29) ****/TTT½
Subterranean Homesick Alien
Exit Music (for a Film)
|Climbing Up the Walls
Airbag / How am I Driving? (1998, 25.38) ***½/TAirbag
Meeting in the Aisle
Polyethylene (Parts 1 & 2)
Y'know, for all the "This Radiohead track's got Mellotron on it!" e-mails I've had over the years, all have proven to be false alarms, leaving their actual two non-OK Computer Mellotronic releases as my own discoveries. Surprisingly, the first turns out to be two The Bends b-sides, Talk Show Host and Molasses, found on various versions of the Street Spirit (Fade Out) EP, both being fairly typical non-album tracks from the era, both with brief yet inventive use of Mellotron strings from Jonny Greenwood, though not really worth tracking down (probably now not so easy) for that alone.
OK Computer was the album that broke everything wide open for Radiohead, of course; its predecessor, The Bends, was a critics' favourite, and sold well, but this time round the band took a gamble which paid off. Rather than copy The Bends, they got a bit (but only a bit) 'experimental', and started playing around with song structures and sounds. The end result, to their disgust, was labelled 'the new prog', which, unbelievably, didn't put the buying public off at all. The album opens with Airbag's unison single-note guitar and Mellotron cello line, mixed with Thom Yorke's subdued vocal and the rather 'indie' feel of the drumming. As you're probably aware, the overriding mood of the album is 'down' rather than 'up', to the point where their music has been used to comical effect on TV to denote misery (see: the last episode of 'Father Ted'). There's no doubt that Yorke really means it; there's no hint of a pose about his singing, and it does lend the album a certain gravitas that many of Radiohead's contemporaries lack. Exit Music (For A Film) brings in the 'Tron choirs, also heard on Lucky and The Tourist. Guitarist Greenwood definitely has that 'Mellotron touch'; it's a great shame, especially after buying an M400, that Radiohead have used it so little since. They didn't tour with it either, presumably deciding that you can take authenticity a stage too far. Not that that's stopped Paul Weller, the Charlatans et al...
There is actually one more 'Tron track from the OK Computer sessions. A US-only mini-album appeared in '98, Airbag / How am I Driving?, with the album's Airbag as lead track, followed by a bunch of outtakes of variable quality. Polyethylene (Parts 1 & 2) is the one that concerns us, a rocking little effort with some heavily phased 'Tron strings lurching in and out of the mix, though hardly enough to make it worth buying for that reason. After a three-year wait, Radiohead rather belatedly followed up OK Computer with the controversial Kid A, upsetting a lot of people in the process, though it has to be said that an awful lot of them were members of the press, eager for them to recreate OK Computer or even The Bends. Amazingly, their fans bought it in droves, and as we speak, Radiohead appear to be heading for world domination. If, of course, they want it...
So, if you like rather gloomy, understated music with a progressive bent, not to mention quite a bit of Mellotron, buy. I was given my copy of the album by a friend who hated it, but I know other people who worship the ground they walk on. You decide.
Mascaras Urbanas (1992, 42.14) ***½/TMascaras Urbanas
Vientos del Este
La Tierra del Pecado
Sombras en Ixtlan
Peregrinos del Tiempo
Escapando de Mi Imaginacion
The cheekily-named Rael do, indeed, sound a lot like Genesis; in fact, their sole (released) album, Mascaras Urbanas, sounds quite specifically like The Lamb in places. Ignacio Rodriguez' almost accentless Gabrielalike vocals, Marcos Ribas' Rutherfordesque bass and pedals, (presumably) Mario Perkins' Hackett-clone guitar work... Even specific songs can be traced back to that estimable album, with Vientos Del Este having a lot in common with Broadway Melody Of 1974, although La Tierra Del Pecado spoils the effect by suddenly going all ...And Then There Were Three... on us. Prog sites go on about 'Genesis clones' a fair bit, often referring to bands who are only tangentially influenced by them, but Rael cut them really close in places; Momo rips Dancing With The Moonlit Knight quite outrageously, particularly the fast middle section. Funnily enough, unless you've got a real (rael?) hang-up about it, it shouldn't especially adversely affect your enjoyment of this album, as the material actually stands up quite well.
Three of the band play keyboards, but the Mellotron on a couple of tracks is played by the main keys player, Horacio Pozzo. Now, this has been mouldering away in Sampledelica! for some years, only for Ignacio to write to me to tell me they actually owned a Mellotron (and 'still have the tapes', oddly). Was this the first one in South America? Loads of Argentinian '70s bands have claimed they've used a 'Tron, and clearly haven't and I assumed this was another one, but not so. Anyway, we get choirs on Vientos Del Este and strings on Icarus, although most of the rest of the album's keys are quite clearly digital, particularly the nasty 'chiff' sounds used on Peregrinos Del Tiempo and Escapando De Mi Imaginacion.
Anyway; should you buy this? If you want a Genesis copy, yes. The songwriting's actually quite good; shame they couldn't have been slightly more original. Ignacio tells me they recorded a never-released second album (so why haven't Musea rescued it, then?), on which the band were, as he says, "I guess...us". Come on Musea, pull your fingers out...
Ragnarok (1975) ***½/TTTT½Fenris
Fire in the Sky
Nooks (1976) ****/TTTTFive New Years
Waterfall - Capt.Fagg
Paths of Reminiscence
Like most NZ bands of their era (with the honourable exception of the wonderful Split Enz), Ragnarok sounded several years out of date, sounding closer to the 'proto-prog' of Spring, Beggars Opera, etc. This isn't to denigrate them, just to point out that the old adage about NZ, 'put your clocks twelve hours forward and ten years back' isn't entirely unfounded. I'm told that, like most of their compatriots, Ragnarok played the Kiwi pub circuit, which had little in common with its UK equivalent. Apparently NZ 'pubs', especially in rural areas, were huge barns holding up to 2000 people, with fantastically unforgiving crowds. As a result, most of the bands on the circuit played boogie or hard rock, making me wonder how any progressive bands ever made it out of their basements/garages.
Ragnarok, despite sounding rather dated for '75, is actually pretty good, although the vocals get a little shrieky at times, with tracks like Fenris and Fire In The Sky laying out the band's manifesto. André Jayet only appeared to own two keyboards at the time; a Moog and an M400, rather than the more common organ, and as full-time keys man, used his 'Tron everywhere, with strings practically across the board here, although he uses flutes on one track.
By the following year's Nooks, the band had honed their writing skills, with songs like Five New Years and The Volsung being definite improvements on their previous work. Jayet had a wider range of 'boards this time round, though I don't know if owned them or just hired them for recording, though it has to be said that he still stuck mainly to Moog and 'Tron. Still mostly strings on the 'Tron front, but some choirs creep in around the last couple of tracks, particularly on Nooks itself.
So, while not the most original progressive band ever, Ragnarok made a nice enough noise, and were obviously serious Mellotron fans. Even after a trip to NZ (not for this purpose, you understand), I could only find a rather battered copy of Nooks, which set me back $50NZ, or about 18 quid. Ouch. These may be out on CD somewhere (they were on NZ Polydor originally), but I rather doubt it. Still, if you get a chance to hear them without spending a fortune, do.
Solo Trip (1978, 31.41) ***/TTSolo Trip
Lutz Rahn was keyboard player with German proggers Novalis, one of those bands who never quite made the first division in their own country, maybe analogous to King Crimson's status in the UK. I don't know if all copies of Solo Trip have the oddity mine has; it has a Japanese 'obi' band printed onto the front of the sleeve, and the back is covered in Japanese script. However, the record company information says 'made in Germany', and the label's the standard Ahorn one, the same as Novalis' releases from around that time. It was sold to me as a Japanese import (!), but I've got a sneaking suspicion it's some strange Germanic joke, and it's a regular German issue. It only really qualifies as a mini-album, to be honest; playing at 45 r.p.m. with eight tracks, it doesn't quite hit the half-hour mark. Amusingly, while listening to the album for review purposes, I played the first three tracks at 33, and wondered why it sounded so sluggish... It was definitely more laid-back that way, and didn't sound especially 'wrong'...
Anyway; the music. It's all instrumental, rather lightweight symphonic stuff crossed with typical German electronic music. The only instruments are Rahn's keyboards and drum machine, with some real drums played by Helge Tillmann thrown in for good measure. Rather like Rahn's parent band, it's pleasant enough but a little unengaging, drifting along for a while without ever doing anything particularly startling. It's actually more progressive than it's got any real right to be; it was around this time that Novalis started moving away from their roots and, like so many of their contemporaries, moved towards shorter song-based material. As far as the Mellotron's concerned, Galaxy Taxi's a good piece of music with some nice 'Tron flutes, and there's a nice choir part on September. There's some more choirs on side two, but nothing outstanding, to be honest.
Buy? Yes for Novalis fans, or fans of that peculiarly German style of '70s prog; no for the 'Tron enthusiast.
Ritchie Blackmore's Rainbow (1975, 37.14) ***/TTMan on the Silver Mountain
Black Sheep of the Family
Catch the Rainbow
The Temple of the King
If You Don't Like Rock'n'Roll
Sixteenth Century Greensleeves
Still I'm Sad
Long Live Rock'n'Roll (1978) ****/T½Long Live Rock'n'Roll
Lady of the Lake
Gates of Babylon
Kill the King
The Shed (Subtle)
Sensitive to Light
Rainbow were, of course, Ritchie Blackmore's immediate post-Purple project, initiated as soon as he left in 1975. The original lineup was basically US band Elf minus their hapless guitarist; Ritchie's not known for his willingness to share six-string duties. I've always personally found Ritchie Blackmore's Rainbow to be something of a disappointment; rushed, badly produced, and with a dearth of genuinely world-class material. Man On The Silver Mountain, Sixteenth Century Greensleeves and their cover of the Yardbirds' Still I'm Sad were all greatly improved in live performance. Elf's keyboard player Mickey Lee Soule played a Mellotron (amusingly credited as a Mellotrom on the sleeve) on a couple of tracks, including the live tour de force Catch The Rainbow, although the studio version, again, sounds only half-formed.
By Rainbow Rising Ritchie had replaced almost his entire band, and got exactly the right balance for possibly the only time in the band's career. Noted short person with rainbow fetish Ronnie James Dio stayed on vocals, but everyone else was new, including journeyman drummer Cozy Powell, Scots bassist Jimmy Bain and keyboard man Tony Carey. The album's an absolute killer from beginning to end, although the supposed 'Tron on standout track Stargazer (over the epic closing section) is almost certainly Carey's Vako Orchestron, shifting its review to Mistaken ID.
After a stunning live LP, On Stage (*****), Rainbow's third studio effort, Long Live Rock'n'Roll was a minor disappointment, but is still well worth a listen today. I've recently had it confirmed that new keyboard player (third in three albums...) David Stone, ex-Symphonic Slam, actually used 'Tron on stage with the band, and you can hear it on a couple of tracks on the album, both of which feature some rather weedy-sounding choir, without the 'edge' that the 'Tron gives, so I'm still not sure. Gates Of Babylon is a real classic, though; MiniMoog and Taurus pedal intro in an Eastern stylee, leading into what is basically a follow-up to Stargazer, though with less energy. Real strings abound, from the Bavarian String Ensemble, no less, and the album's almost worth purchasing for this track alone. Its other classic (apart from the steamrollering title track) is closer Rainbow Eyes, which is one of those cod-medieval ballads Blackmore seems to do so well. Mind you, don't go out of your way to encounter his current project, Blackmore's Night; very silly. 'Please come to concerts dressed in medieval garb' indeed...
Anyway, Dio left next, to be replaced by ex-Marbles singer Graham 'flasher' Bonnet, and although Down to Earth sported a couple of decent tracks, it was down the slippery slope to hit singlesville from then on. So; neither of these is a 'Tron classic, although both are worth hearing in places. Buy according to taste.
See: Mistaken ID | Deep Purple | Symphonic Slam | Dio | Cozy Powell Forever
Wonderland of Sound (1974, 36.41) **½/TTT
The Girl With the Red Hair
Who's on Stage
Seven Days Later
At Festival Hall
Rainbow Orchestra's Wonderland of Sound was released on Music for Pleasure, which might tell you something about it in advance. Yup, it's a cheeso, easy listening effort, albeit one with a heavy jazz influence, vastly better than most of the dross in this category. That isn't to say we're looking at a lost classic here, at least in my book, but Peter Jacques sports some serious Rhodes chops, while Pierre Cavalli's outrageous fuzz guitar solo on La Avispa has to be heard to be believed. Spot the amusing classical rips on closer At Festival Hall, too.
Jacques also plays pleasant Mellotron string parts on all highlighted tracks, particularly upfront on Skippin' Around, while Smarty adds a cool chordal cello part, although I think the flute chords on Seven Days Later are an overdubbed real one. Why a Mellotron? My guess is that they used up their limited budget on the brass and woodwind sections and had none left over for strings, in the way of various budget projects over the years, These days, it's all programmed, of course and all the worse for it. You may find this in a charity shop near you, or you may not, but it's unusual enough to've found its way onto various download sites. Almost worth it for the Mellotron use alone.